New Syllabus for B.E. Effective from 2013

Semester - 1 & 2

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2110001 CHEMISTRY Chemistry 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2110002 CS Communication Skills 4 2 2 0 100 50 150
2110003 CPU Computer Programming and Utilization 6 3 2 1 100 50 150
2110004 ECE Elements of Civil Engineering 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2110005 EEE Elements of Electrical Engineering 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2110006 EME Elements of Mechanical Engineering 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2110007 ES Environmental Studies 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2110011 PHYSICS Physics 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2110012 WS Workshop 4 0 4 0 0 100 100
2110013 EG Engineering Graphics 6 2 4 0 100 50 150
2110014 Maths-1 Calculus 5 3 0 2 100 50 150
2110015 MATHS-II Vector Calculus and Linear Algebra 5 3 0 2 100 50 150
2110016 BE Basic Electronics 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2110017 EEW Electrical and Electronics Workshop 4 0 4 0 0 100 100
2990001 CPD Contributor Personality Development 4 4 0 0 100 50 150

Semester - 3

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2130002 Maths-III Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5 3 0 2 100 50 150
2130003 MOS Mechanics of Solids 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2130005 DE-I Design Engineering - I 3 0 3 0 0 100 100
2130101 FFM Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2130103 AMME Analysis of Mechanisms and Machine Elements 5 3 0 2 100 50 150
2130105 EME Electrical Machines and Electronics 4 3 0 1 100 50 150
2130106 ASMP Aircraft Science and Manufacturing Processes 5 3 2 0 100 50 150


Semester - 4

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2140002 DE2 Design Engineering - I B 3 0 3 0 0 100 100
2140003 EEM Engineering Economics and Management 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2140101 AS1 Aircraft Structures I 4 3 0 1 100 50 150
2140103 ASIM Aircraft Systems, Instruments and Maintenance 6 4 0 2 100 50 150
2140105 NM Numerical Methods 5 3 0 2 100 50 150
2140106 BET Basic Engineering Thermodynamics 5 4 0 1 100 50 150
2140107 CDF-I Computational Fluid Dynamics I 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2140108 SSM Solid and Surface Modelling 2 0 2 0 0 100 100

Semester - 5

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2150001 DE-2A Design Engineering - II A 3 0 3 0 0 100 100
2150002 CS Cyber Security (Inst. Elec.) 3 0 2 1 0 100 100
2150003 DM Disaster Management (Inst. Elec.) 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2150101 FM Flight Mechanics 5 4 0 1 100 50 150
2150102 FTM Fundamentals of Turbo Machines 5 4 0 1 100 50 150
2150103 AS2 Aircraft Structures II 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2150104 CFD-II Computational Fluid Dynamics II 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2150107 AD-I Aerodynamics I 5 4 0 1 100 50 150

Semester - 6

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2160001 DE-II Design Engineering - II B 3 0 3 0 0 100
2160101 AD-II Aerodynamics II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2160102 FJP Fundamentals of Jet Propulsion 4 3 0 1 100 50 150
2160104 BCT Basic Control Theory 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2160106 AVI Avionics 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2160107 AOM Airport and Operations Management (Dept Elec-I) 2 2 0 0 100 0 100
2160108 AM Aviation Management (Dept Elec-I) 2 2 0 0 100 0 0
2160109 TOV Theory of Vibration 5 3 2 0 100 50 150
2160110 AMNC Aviation Meterology, Navigation and Communication 2 0 2 0 0 100 100

Semester - 7

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2170001 Project Project 4 0 4 0 0 150 150
2170101 AD1 Aircraft Design I 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2170102 THT Theory of Heat Transfer 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2170103 MCM Mechanics of Composite Materials 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2170104 RMT Rocket and Missile Technology 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2170105 AA Advance Avionics (Dept Elec-II) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2170106 BLT Boundary Layer Theory (Dept Elec-II) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150

Semester - 8

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0


Semester - 1 & 2

2110001 - CHEMISTRY

Chemistry

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110002 - CS

Communication Skills

Credit : 4 (L-2, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110003 - CPU

Computer Programming and Utilization

Credit : 6 (L-3, P-2, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110004 - ECE

Elements of Civil Engineering

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110005 - EEE

Elements of Electrical Engineering

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110006 - EME

Elements of Mechanical Engineering

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110007 - ES

Environmental Studies

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2110011 - PHYSICS

Physics

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110012 - WS

Workshop

Credit : 4 (L-0, P-4, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

2110013 - EG

Engineering Graphics

Credit : 6 (L-2, P-4, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110014 - Maths-1

Calculus

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-0, T-2)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110015 - MATHS-II

Vector Calculus and Linear Algebra

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-0, T-2)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110016 - BE

Basic Electronics

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2110017 - EEW

Electrical and Electronics Workshop

Credit : 4 (L-0, P-4, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

2990001 - CPD

Contributor Personality Development

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

Semester - 3

2130002 - Maths-III

Advanced Engineering Mathematics

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-0, T-2)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2130003 - MOS

Mechanics of Solids

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2130005 - DE-I

Design Engineering - I

Credit : 3 (L-0, P-3, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

2130101 - FFM

Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2130103 - AMME

Analysis of Mechanisms and Machine Elements

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-0, T-2)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2130105 - EME

Electrical Machines and Electronics

Credit : 4 (L-3, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2130106 - ASMP

Aircraft Science and Manufacturing Processes

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)



Semester - 4

2140002 - DE2

Design Engineering - I B

Credit : 3 (L-0, P-3, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

2140003 - EEM

Engineering Economics and Management

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2140101 - AS1

Aircraft Structures I

Credit : 4 (L-3, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2140103 - ASIM

Aircraft Systems, Instruments and Maintenance

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-0, T-2)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2140105 - NM

Numerical Methods

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-0, T-2)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2140106 - BET

Basic Engineering Thermodynamics

Credit : 5 (L-4, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2140107 - CDF-I

Computational Fluid Dynamics I

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2140108 - SSM

Solid and Surface Modelling

Credit : 2 (L-0, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

Semester - 5

2150001 - DE-2A

Design Engineering - II A

Credit : 3 (L-0, P-3, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

2150002 - CS

Cyber Security (Inst. Elec.)

Credit : 3 (L-0, P-2, T-1)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

2150003 - DM

Disaster Management (Inst. Elec.)

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2150101 - FM

Flight Mechanics

Credit : 5 (L-4, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2150102 - FTM

Fundamentals of Turbo Machines

Credit : 5 (L-4, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2150103 - AS2

Aircraft Structures II

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2150104 - CFD-II

Computational Fluid Dynamics II

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2150107 - AD-I

Aerodynamics I

Credit : 5 (L-4, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

Semester - 6

2160001 - DE-II

Design Engineering - II B

Credit : 3 (L-0, P-3, T-0)

Mark :  (T-0, P-100)

2160101 - AD-II

Aerodynamics II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2160102 - FJP

Fundamentals of Jet Propulsion

Credit : 4 (L-3, P-0, T-1)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2160104 - BCT

Basic Control Theory

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2160106 - AVI

Avionics

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2160107 - AOM

Airport and Operations Management (Dept Elec-I)

Credit : 2 (L-2, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2160108 - AM

Aviation Management (Dept Elec-I)

Credit : 2 (L-2, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 0 (T-100, P-0)

2160109 - TOV

Theory of Vibration

Credit : 5 (L-3, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2160110 - AMNC

Aviation Meterology, Navigation and Communication

Credit : 2 (L-0, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-0, P-100)

Semester - 7

2170001 - Project

Project

Credit : 4 (L-0, P-4, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-0, P-150)

2170101 - AD1

Aircraft Design I

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2170102 - THT

Theory of Heat Transfer

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2170103 - MCM

Mechanics of Composite Materials

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2170104 - RMT

Rocket and Missile Technology

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2170105 - AA

Advance Avionics (Dept Elec-II)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2170106 - BLT

Boundary Layer Theory (Dept Elec-II)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

Semester - 8

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Subjects as per Old Syllabus (Syllabus upto 2013)

Semester - 1 & 2

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 3

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 4

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 5

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 6

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 7

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 8

Code Short Name Subject Credit Lecture Practical Tutorial Theory Marks Practical Marks Total Marks
2180101 ADII Aircraft Design II 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180102 HE Helicopter Engineering 4 4 0 0 100 0 100
2180103 SD Space Dynamics 3 3 0 0 100 0 100
2180104 ACN Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180105 HSA High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III) 6 4 2 0 100 50 150
2180106 PROJECT Project – II 11 0 11 0

Semester - 1 & 2

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Semester - 3

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Semester - 4

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Semester - 5

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Semester - 6

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Semester - 7

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)

Semester - 8

2180101 - ADII

Aircraft Design II

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180102 - HE

Helicopter Engineering

Credit : 4 (L-4, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180103 - SD

Space Dynamics

Credit : 3 (L-3, P-0, T-0)

Mark : 100 (T-100, P-0)

2180104 - ACN

Aircraft Control and Navigation (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180105 - HSA

High Speed Aerodynamics (Dept Elec-III)

Credit : 6 (L-4, P-2, T-0)

Mark : 150 (T-100, P-50)

2180106 - PROJECT

Project – II

Credit : 11 (L-0, P-11, T-0)

Mark :  (T-, P-)