Environmental Studies (2110007)   Old Code : 110007

Syllabus

Sr. Topics Teaching Hours Module Weightage
1
Introduction to Environment and Environmental Studies:

Definition and Components of Environment, Relationship between the different components of Environment, Man and Environment relationship, Impact of technology on Environment, Environmental Degradation, Multidisciplinary nature of the Environment studies, its scope and importance in the present day Education System

2
6 %
2
Ecology and Ecosystems:

Introduction: Ecology- Objectives and Classification , Concept of an ecosystem- structure and functions of ecosystem Components of ecosystem- Producers, Consumers, Decomposers Bio-Geo- Chemical Cycles- Hydrologic Cycle, Carbon cycle, Energy Flow in Ecosystem, Food Chains, Food webs ,Ecological Pyramids
Major Ecosystems: Forest Ecosystem, Grassland Ecosystem, Desert Ecosystem,
Aquatic Ecosystem, Estuarine Ecosystem.

4
11 %
3
Natural Resources:

a. Renewable and Nonrenewable resources, exploitation and conservation, Role of individual in conservation of natural resources.
b. Water resources: Water sources- Surface and Ground watersources, Indian and Global scenario.
c. Land as a resource, social issues
d. Forest resources: Definition and Classification of Forests Ecological and Economic importance and benefits of forest, Indian scenario, Deforestation: causes and effects, remedial measures.
e. Food resources: Sources of food, Global and Indian food demand scenario, Limits of food production, Environmental effects of Agriculture.

5
14 %
4
Human Population and Environment:

Population Growth, World and Indian scenario, Population and Environmental Degradation, Malthusian theory, Optimum theory, Population explosion – Causes, Effects and Control.
Urbanization: Urban population growth and Environmental problems

3
8 %
5
Environmental pollution:

Types of Environmental Pollution:

  1. Water Pollution: Introduction – Water Quality Standards, Sources of Water Pollution: Industrial Agricultural, Municipal; Classification of water pollutants, Effects of water pollutants, Eutrophication
  2. Marine pollution-
  3. Air Pollution: Composition of air, Structure of atmosphere, Ambient Air Quality Standards, Classification of air pollutants, Sources of common air pollutants like PM, SO2, NOX, Natural & Anthropogenic Sources, Effects of common air pollutants
  4. Land Pollution: Land uses ,Land degradation: causes, effects and control, soil erosion
  5. Noise Pollution: Introduction, Sound and Noise, Noise measurements, Causes and Effects
  6. Thermal Pollution: Causes and effects
  7. Role of individual in the prevention of pollution
8
22 %
6
Energy Resources and Global Environmental Issues

Energy resources: Global and Indian energy demand scenario, Future Projections, Conventional and Non-conventional sources of energy, Advantages and Limitations, Utilization, Exploitation and related Environmental problems, Environmental implications of Non conventional Energy Sources.
Global Environmental Issues: Climate Change, Global Warming and Green House Effect, Acid Rain, Depletion of Ozone layer

6
17 %
7
Environmental Acts and Regulations:

List of prevalent Environmental Acts, Brief description related to the purpose with at least five important provisions Water (Prevention and control of pollution) Act 1974, Air (Prevention and control of pollution) Act 1981, Environmental Protection Act, 1986
Organization and Role of Institutions of Gujarat like Gujarat Pollution Control Board, Gujarat Environmental Management Institute, Gujarat Ecology Commission, Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology, Department of Environment and Forest, Department of Climate Change, Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority.
Environmental Awareness: Role of Non-Government Organizations.
Environmental Ethics: Environmental Ethics, Objectives of ethics, Ethical theories, Code of Ethics, Importance and limitations of ethics, Environmental Ethics in India.

4
11 %
8
Environment education videos to supplement the class-room teaching
Environment education videos to supplement the class-room teaching
4
11 %