Irrigation Engineering (2170609)   Old Code : 170602


Sr. Topics Teaching Hours Module Weightage
Module I
Introduction- Definition, Necessity, Scope, Benefits and ill effects of irrigation, Types of irrigation schemes, Social and environmental considerations, Irrigation development in India.
Water Requirement of Crops- Soil-water-plant relation- field capacity, wilting point, available water, consumptive use, Irrigation requirements – Net irrigation requirement, Field irrigation requirement, Gross Irrigation requirement, Soil moisture extraction pattern, Frequency of irrigation, Principal Indian crops, Gross command area, Culturable command area, Intensity of irrigation, Duty and delta relation, Introduction to various methods of application of irrigation water, Irrigation efficiency, assessment of irrigation water
25 %
Module 2
Diversion Works: Different stages of a river and their flow characteristics, Weir and barrages, Various parts of a weir and their functions, Exit gradient, Principles of weir design on permeable formations -Bligh’s creep theory and Khosla’s theory
Storage and Outlet works:
Types of earthen dams, Seepage in earth dams, Gravity dams, Forces acting on a gravity dam, Rock-fill dams, Spillways, Types of spillways, Spillways gates and energy dissipation works.
25 %
Module 3
Distribution works:
Modes of conveying irrigation water- Types of irrigation canalscontour canal, ridge canal, side sloping canals, Canal sections-filling, cutting, partial cutting and partial filling, Balanced depth, Canal FSL, Capacity factor and Time factor, L-section, Losses of canal water, Silting and scouring of canals, Method of design of unlined section of irrigation canal, Silt theories, Lined canals, Design of lined canal, Link canals
20 %
Module 4
Regulating and Cross Drainage Works
Canal falls, Cross drainage works, Types of cross drainage works, Canal escapes, Head regulator and Cross regulator, Silt ejector, Flow meters - Parshall flume, Irrigation outlets and types of outlets.
20 %
Module 5
Water logging-causes, Reclamation, Drainage principles and practice
10 %