BASIC CHEMISTRY(GROUP-4) (3300011)  

Syllabus

Sr. Topics Teaching Hours Module Weightage
1
Chemical Bandings and Catalysis
Introduction
1.1 Theory Of Valency
1.2 Types of chemical bonds
-1.2.1 Electrovalent bond,& its characteristics
-1.2.2 Covalent bond & its characteristics
-1.2.3 Co- ordinate bond
-1.2.4 Hydrogen bond, its types and Significance
-1.2.5 Metallic bond, Explanation of Metallic properties.
1.3 Intermolecular force of attraction
1.4 Molecular arrangement in solid, liquid and gases.
1.5 Structure of solids.
-1.5.1 Metallic solids- Unit cell- bcc, fcc and hcp packing of metals –examples and properties reflected by the packing of atoms.
1.6 Catalysis,
-1.6.1 Types of catalysis
-1.6.2 Theory of Catalysis
1.7 Types of Catalyst
-1.7.1 Positive Catalyst
-1.7.2 Negative Catalyst
-1.7.3 Auto-catalyst
1.8 Catalytic Promoter and Catalytic inhibitor
1.9 Industrial Application of Catalyst
2
Concepts of Electro Chemistry
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Arrhenius theory of ionization.
2.3 Degree of ionization
-2.3.1 Factors affecting the degree of ionization
2.4 Definition of pH
-2.4.1 pH of acid, base and neutral solution
-2.4.2 pH calculations of acid, base and salt solution at different concentration
-2.4.3 Importance of pH in various fields.
2.5 Definition of buffer solution.
-2.5.1 Buffer Action & Types of buffer Solution.
-2.5.2 Application of buffer solutions.
2.6 Electrolytes and Non-electrolytes
-2.6.1 Types of electrolytes
2.7 Construction and working of electrochemical cell
2.8 Standard conditions
2.9 Standard hydrogen electrodes
2.10 Nernst theory of single electrode potential & Nernst equation
2.11 Electrochemical series, galvanic series
2.12 Electrolysis, Faradays laws of electrolysis
2.13 Industrial application of Electrolysis
2.14 conductance of solution
(a) Conductivity (b)Specific Conductivity (c) Equivalent conductivity (d) Molar conductivity
3
Corrosion of metals & its prevention
3.1. Definition of corrosion
3.2 Types of corrosion
-3.2.1 Dry corrosion: Oxidation corrosion mechanism corrosion-mechanism , Nature of oxide film
-3.2.2 Wet corrosion-mechanism
-3.2.3 Concentration cell corrosion
3.3 Pitting corrosion
3.4 Waterline corrosion
3.5 Crevice corrosion
3.6 Factors affecting the rate of corrosion,- Nature of film, Nature of Environment,PH of Solution, Area of cathode anode and, Temperature,Moisture,Purity of metal
3.7 . Methods of prevention of corrosionModification of environment Modification of the properties of metal Use of protective coatings. Anodic and cathodic protection, Modification in design and choice of material
4
Water Treatment
4.1. Hard water and soft water.
4.2 Types of hardness of water
-4.2.1 Salts producing hardness of water.
-4.2.2 Method to express the hardness of water.
4.3 Estimation of total hardness by EDTA Method
-4.3.1 Examples to calculate the hardness
4.4 Effect of hard water in Boiler operation
-4.4.1 Scale and sludge formation and it’s Prevention
-4.4.2 Priming and foaming and it’s prevention.
-4.4.3. Caustic embrittlement and it’s prevention.
-4.4.4 Corrosion and it’s prevention.
4.5 Softening of Water
-4.5.1 Soda-Lime process
-4.5.2 Permutit process
-4.5.3 Ion Exchange process
-4.5.4 Reverse Osmosis process
4.6 Treatment of Drinking water
-4.6.1 Sedimentation
-4.6.2 Coagulation
-4.6.3 Filtration
-4.6.4 Sterilization of water by chlorination
-4.6.5 Break-point chlorination
5
Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry
5.1 Introduction: Organic chemistry
5.2 Difference between organic and Inorganic compound
5.3 Tetravalency of carbon
5.4 Concept of hybridization-sp,sp2,sp3 type of one hybridization with example of each
5.5 Sigma and pi-bonding
5.6 Classification of Organic compound
5.7 Functional group classification
5.8 Explanation of following terms : Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon ,Isomerism, Homologues series,
5.9 Sources of Hydrocarbons
a. distillation of coal-tar b. refining of petroleum
5.10 Study of Alkane,Alkene and Alkynes
Preparation, properties & uses
(Ethane, Ethylene & Acetylene)
6
Lubricants
6.1 Introduction and definition of lubricants and lubrication
6.2 function of lubricants
6.3 Types of lubrication
-6.3.1 Fluid film lubrication.
-6.3.2 Boundary lubrication
6.4 Classification of lubricants
-6.4.1 Solid lubricants
-6.4.2 Semi-solid lubricants
-6.4.3 Liquid lubricants
-6.4.4 Synthetic oils
6.5 Physical Properties of lubricants and their significance like
-6.5.1 Viscosity and viscosity index
-6.5.2 Flash point and fire point
-6.5.3 Pour point and cloud point
-6.5.4 oiliness
6.6 Chemical Properties of lubricants like
-6.6.1 Soaponification value
-6.6.2 Neutralization number
-6.6.3 Emulsification number
6.7 Selection of lubricants for
-6.7.1 Gears
-6.7.2 Cutting tools
-6.7.3 Steam turbine
7
Polymer, Elastomers & Adhesives
7.1 Introduction and Definition of Polymer and Monomer
7.2 Classification of Polymer on basis of Molecular structure as Linear, Branch and Cross-linked polymers
7.3 Classification on basis of monomers (homopolymer and copolymer)
7.4 Classification of Polymers on basis of Thermal behavior(Thermoplastics& Thermosetting)
7.5 Types polymerization Reaction
-7.5.1 Addition Polymerization
-7.5.2 Condensation Polymerization
7.6 Synthesis, properties and application of
-7.6.1 Polyethylene
-7.6.2 Polypropylene
-7.6.3 Polyvinyl chloride
-7.6.4Teflon
-7.6.4 Polystyrene
-7.6.5 Phenol formaldehyde
-7.6.6 Acrylonitrile
-7.6.7 Epoxy Resin
7.7 Define the term:- elastomers
7.8 Natural rubber and its properties
7.9 vulcanization of rubber
7.10 Synthetic rubber,Synthesis,properties and uses
-7.10.1 Buna-S Rubber
-7.10.2 Buna-N Rubber
-7.10.3 Neoprene Rubber
7.11 Definition of adhesives and Examples
-7.11.1 Characteristics of adhesives
-7.11.2 Classification of adhesives and their uses.