# BASIC INSTRUMENTATION (3311701)

Syllabus

Sr. Topics Teaching Hours Module Weightage
1
Basics of instrumentation
1.1 Scope of Instrumentation in industries
1.2 Significance of Instrumentation & control.
1.3 Evolution of Instrumentation
- a Brief journey from manual control to automation
- b Simple block diagram of Instrumentation system
- c Basic terms related to instrumentation & control viz. process variable, system , control variable, error, input, output, feedback
1.4 a Definitions of characteristics of instruments & Measurement System
- Static: accuracy, sensitivity, resolution, precision, drift, dead zone, repeatability & reproducibility and
- Dynamic : Fidelity, speed of response, lag b Classification of Instruments based on Function, output, operation, nature of signals etc.
2
Basic electricity
2.1 Terms related to basic electricity-Definitions of EMF, Current, Potential Difference, Power, Energy and Efficiency.
2.2 Definition: Resistance, resistivity & conductivity and their units
2.3 Factors affecting resistance
2.4 Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s Laws of current & voltage, Measurement of unknown resistance by Wheastone bridge(without derivation)
2.5 Terms related to A.C. ( alternating current): Cycle, frequency, time period, Amplitude, average & RMS value.
2.6 Classification of electrical measuring instruments
3
Magnetism & electromagnetism
3.1 Definition of magnetism, Types of magnets ( Only examples)
3.2 Terms related to magnetism- Poles, magnetic lines of force, flux density, Reluctance, permeability, B-H curve, Hysteresis
3.3 Working principle of electromagnet, solenoid
3.4 Relays, Types- N.O. & N.C.
3.5 Self & Mutual induction, Statements of Faraday’s first & second Laws of electromagnetic induction, Statements of Fleming’s rules.
4
Basic electronics
4.1 Symbols, Terminal identification & List applications of various semiconductor devices- Diodes, Transistors, SCR,DIAC, TRIAC, UJT, GTO, IGBT
4.2 Simple block diagram of power supply
4.3 Introduction to single phase Rectifier- Half & Full wave (without derivation)
4.4 Introduction to filter circuit, List types of Filters
4.5 Introduction to voltage regulator, List types of regulators
4.6 Simple Block diagram, advantages & comparison of SMPS & UPS
4.7 OPAMP IC 741: Symbol, PIN diagram, Application ( only List) Terms- Voltage gain, bandwidth, input impedance, output impedance
5
Essential parameters for instrumentation
5.1 Introduction to various process parameters: Definitions of Terms- Pressure, Flow, Level, temperature
5.2 List various pressure sensing elements
5.3 List various techniques for flow measurements
5.4 List various techniques for level measurements
5.5 List various techniques for temperature measurements
6
Introduction to latest innovation in advanced industrial instrumentation
6.1 Simple block diagram of DCS ( Introductory)
6.2 Simple block diagram of PLC ( Primary level )
6.3 Introduction to industrial application of controllers ( only List )