CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION (3315101)  

Syllabus

Sr. Topics Teaching Hours Module Weightage
1
Introduction
1.1 Definition of garment
1.2 History and role of garment in human race.
1.3 garment manufacturing process chart
1.4 Garment manufacturing flow chart
2
Non Automatic tools for garment manufacturing
2.1 Measuring Tools
Function, use and care of the following tools:
- 2.1.1 Measuring tape
- 2.1.2 Tailor’s square
- 2.1.3 Right angled triangle
- 2.1.4 Calculator
- 2.1.5 French curve Set
- 2.1.6 Set square
- 2.1.7 Curve Rules
2.2 Marking tools
Function, use and care of the following tools:
- 2.2.1 Paper
- 2.2.2 Pencil
- 2.2.3 Fiber pens
- 2.2.4 Rubber
- 2.2.5 Compass
- 2.2.6 Tracing wheel
- 2.2.7 Pins
- 2.2.8 Tailor’s chalk
- 2.2.9 Pattern notcher
- 2.2.10 Pattern punch
- 2.2.11 Pattern books
- 2.2.12 Pattern weights
- 2.2.13 Model stands
2.3 Cutting tools
Function, use and care of the following tools:
- 2.3.1 Small shears
- 2.3.2 Big shears
- 2.3.3 Cutters
- 2.3.4 Pinking shears
- 2.3.5 Stitch opener
- 2.4 Sewing tools
Function, use and care of the following tools:
- 2.4.1 Bobbin & Bobbin case
- 2.4.2 Machine sewing needles
- 2.4.3 Hand sewing needles
- 2.5 Miscellaneous tools
Function, use and care of the following.
- 2.5.1 Thimble
- 2.5.2 Pin cushions
- 2.5.3 Thread
- 2.5.4 Ironing board
- 2.5.5 Iron
- 2.5.6 Bobbin winder
3
Sewing Machine
3.1 History of sewing machine
3.2 Types of sewing machine
3.3 Parts and functions of sewing machine
3.4 Operation of sewing machine
3.5 Care & maintenance of sewing machine
3.6 Problems of stitch formation, problems of pucker and problems of damage to the fabric along the stitch line
3.7 Sewing area
4
Body Measurement
4.1 Knowledge of various landmarks on the body, required for making garments.
4.2 Techniques of taking body measurements.
- 4.2.1 Directly from the body.(Vertical & Horizontal)
- 4.2.2 Indirectly form the readymade garments.
- 4.2.3 From standard size charts.
- 4.2.4 Technique of calculating all the measurements from chest measurement.
5
Fabric
5.1 Fabric widths
5.2 Grain lines
5.3 Preparation of fabric for clothing construction
- 5.3.1 Straightening
- 5.3.2 Tearing
- 5.3.3 Shrinking
5.4 Different types of fabrics and its application in clothing.
6
Clothing Construction
6.1 Hand stitches
- 6.1.1 Basting
- 6.1.1.1 Even basting
- 6.1.1.2 Uneven basting
- 6.1.2 Running stitch
- 6.1.3 Different types of hemming stitches
- 6.1.3.1 Blind hemming stitch
- 6.1.3.2 Simple hemming stitch
6.2 Machine stitches
- 6.2.1 Plain Seam
- 6.2.2 Curved Seam
- 6.2. 3 Cornered
- 6.2.4 To join an inward corner
- 6.2.5 Trimming
- 6.2.6 To trim corner
- 6.2.7 Clipping
- 6.2.8 Hand overcast
- 6.2.9 Zigzagged
- 6.2.10 Bias bound
- 6.2.11 Net bound
- 6.2.12 French seam
- 6.2.13 Flat felled seam
- 6.2.14 Self bound seam
- 6.2.15 Corded seams
- 6.2.16 Lapped seams
- 6.2.17 Fagotted seam
- 6.2.18 Double top stitched seam
- 6.2.19 Welt seam
- 6.2.20 Tuck seam
- 6.2.21 Slot seam
- 6.2.22 Seaming special fabrics( Velvet, Net, Georgette,
- 6.2.23 Fullness techniques
- Darts
- Tucks
- Pleats
- Gathering
- Shirring
- Smocking
- Ruffles
7
Finishing Techniques
7.1 Definition of neckline, Finishing of U, round, V and fancy neck line
7.2 Finishing of placket opening of upper and lower garment
7.3 Pockets( Definition of pocket, finishing of patch pocket, Slash pocket, Double welt pocket, welt pocket, flap pocket, in seam pocket, front heap pocket)
8
Fullness techniques
8.1 Definition of fullness
8.2 techniques of controlling fullness through different varieties of darts, tucks, pleats, gathers, shearing, smocking and ruffles.
9
Use of components
9.1 Knowledge of various components such as lace, braid, elastic, hook and loop fastening, Velcro, seam binding and tape, eyelets, zip fasteners, buttons, tack buttons, snap fasteners and rivets.